Hardcore punk (usually referred to simply as hardcore) is a punk rock music genre and subculture that originated in the late 1970s. Hardcore music is generally faster, heavier, and more abrasive than regular punk rock. The origin of the term “hardcore punk” is uncertain. The Vancouver-based band D.O.A. may have helped to popularize the term with the title of their 1981 album, Hardcore ’81. Hardcore historian Steven Blush said that the term “hardcore” is also a reference to the sense of being “fed up” with the existing punk and new wave music. Blush also states that the term refers to “an extreme: the absolute most Punk.” One definition of the genre is “a form of exceptionally harsh punk rock.”
Hardcore has spawned the straight edge movement and its associated submovements, hardline and youth crew. Hardcore was heavily involved with the rise of the independent record labels in the 1980s, and with the DIY ethics in underground music scenes, which involved, among other things, bands organizing their own tours and scene members producing zines. It has influenced a number of music genres which have experienced mainstream success, such as alternative rock, grunge, alternative metal, metalcore, thrash metal, post-hardcore, and hip-hop.
Hardcore sprouted underground scenes across the United States in the early 1980s particularly in Washington, D.C., California, New York, New Jersey, and Boston—as well as in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom.
While traditional hardcore has never experienced mainstream commercial success, some of its early pioneers have garnered appreciation over time. Black Flag’s Damaged, Minutemen’s Double Nickels on the Dime and Hüsker Dü’s New Day Rising were included in Rolling Stone’s list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time in 2003 and Dead Kennedys have seen one of their albums reach gold status over a period of 25 years. Although the music started in English-speaking western countries, scenes have also existed in Brazil, Japan, Europe and the Middle East.
(Wikipedia contributors. “Hardcore punk.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 16 Jun. 2014. Web. 19 Jun. 2014.)